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Targeting Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Stem/Progenitor Cells Using Venetoclax-Loaded Immunoliposome
Chronic myeloid leukemia stem cells (CML LSCs) are a rare and quiescent population that are resistant to tyrosine kinase inhibitors. CML LSCs have many features in common with hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and selectively targeting this population and sparing HSCs is of paramount importance. Targeted therapy by liposome via reducing side effects, controlled release, and versatile surface modifications is an effective way for the treatment of different cancers including leukemia. Here for the first time, we designed a liposome conjugated with Begelomab (anti-CD26) loaded with venetoclax to selectively target CD26+ CML LSCs/progenitor cells and to increase treatment outcome in CML patients. We proved that after antigen binding and drug release, the CD26+ LSCs/progenitor cells could be eliminated without any side effect on CD26− cells.